World Economic Forum writes that the purpose of SDG 7 is to ensure that everyone on Earth has access to sustainably-made, reliable and affordable electricity. Among the other objectives are cooking with clean energy resources and doubling on the historic levels of energy efficiency.
If the world is to achieve the SDG 7 goal, this will mean that Earth's population will feel the benefits in terms of health, while it will also be protected from air pollution, which can cause disruptions on an environmental and social level.
The global energy system already started moving towards clean energy sources, with a slowdown during the pandemic, but since the beginning of the war in Ukraine, authorities around the world and especially in Europe accelerated the transition towards renewables, such as solar panels and wind turbines.
Regarding the slowdown in clean-energy investments during the pandemic, IRENA experts warn that this phenomenon is being felt especially in low to medium-income countries, only a few of those getting the necessary financing to build on their sustainable energy network.
Thus, IRENA officials say that more financial effort will be needed from the world's great economies to help these nations reimagine their grids and to help them transition to the future of green power.
Brazil is one of the countries in the world that benefits most from renewables, as these account for over 80% of the country's used energy.
In 2030, if the transition pace doesn't increase, experts believe that around 1.9 billion people around the world won't have access to clean cooking and 660 million won't have access to electricity at all. They also suggest that this will have major effects on the health of that particular segment of population, while it will also make climate change worse.
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, head of the WHO, said that "we must protect the next generation by acting now. Investing in clean and renewable solutions to support universal energy access is how we can make real change. Clean cooking technologies in homes and reliable electricity in healthcare facilities, can play a crucial role in protecting the health of our most vulnerable populations."