writes that currently, there is a flood barrier in place protecting Venice from floods that might occur in the Adriatic Sea, but these won't be able to help the city with the sinking problem and will eventually fail as sea levels rise higher. The experts at INGV also discovered that the tide levels found in the Venetian lagoon are rising half a centimeter every year.

Combining this knowledge with satellite imagery recorded between 2008 and 2023, scientists were able to determine that some parts of Venice will be completely underwater by 2150.

Venice's most famous spot, Piazza San Marco, could be 70 centimeters underwater in some of its parts, while the Western part of the city will be the first to feel the effects of the floods. It was already affected by floods 58 times between 2019 and 2023.

INGV researcher Marco Anzidei said that "sea level increase, particularly if accelerated locally by subsidence, is leading to increasingly severe and widespread coastal erosion, beach retreat and marine flooding with very significant environmental and socioeconomic impacts for populations."

Experts at the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change said in 2021 that by 2100, the most optimistic climate scenario sees Venice 28-55 centimeters underwater, while the most pessimistic one, between 63 and 101 centimeters below waters.